Multiple disadvantage among sole parents in New Zealand

Date published
29 Jun 2018
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This study is part of the 2018 Families and Whanau wellbeing work programme.

It explores whether some groups of sole parents are more likely to experience multiple disadvantage than others and if the types of disadvantage vary across different sole parent groups. Eight life domains are used to categorise disadvantage:

  • income
  • material wellbeing
  • employment
  • education
  • health
  • housing
  • safety
  • connectedness.

If someone is found to be disadvantaged in three or more of these life domains, they are said to be experiencing multiple disadvantage.

We found that sole parents who are younger, have young children, belong to a Maori or Pacific family, are female, or have more than three children are more likely to experience multiple disadvantage. Low income and housing are the most common disadvantages for sole parents irrespective of their age, gender or ethnicity.

Due to Superu's disestablishment on 30 June 2018, the Families and Whanau work programme is now managed by the Ministry of Social Development (MSD). This report was prepared by MSD under delegation from Superu.

Last update: 29 Jun 2018